Satyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary or the Satyamangalam Tiger Reserve is a tiger reserve in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. It is a protected area along the Western Ghats of South India. A well-protected untouched dense forest is what the wildlife sanctuary offers.
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How to get there?
By Road – The Satyamangalam wildlife sanctuary is about 220 kilometers from the major city Bangalore and is about 110 kilometers from Coimbatore.
The forest is home to indigenous tribal people belonging to the Irula tribe and Soligas communities.
Irula people are a Dravidian ethnic group. They are also called Irular and they speak Irula language. Irular means dark people in Tamil and Malyalam languages.
Soligas, also called as Sholaga, also belong to the Dravidian ethnic group. They speak Sholaga language. They have a population of 20,000 individuals currently. The tribe traces back their origin to Karayya, the son of Lord Maleya Mahadeshwara Swamy.
Note: The forest was once home to the legendary Indian bandit Veerappan. He made his living by poaching and exporting ivories and sandalwood. He was a history and now is dead.
Flora and Fauna
It has abundant flora and fauna. The forest is a tropical dense forest. According to Wikipedia, the forest is said to have five distinct forest types – Tropical evergreen, Semi-evergreen, Mixed-deciduous, Dry deciduous, and Thorn forests.
As per the survey conducted by Government of Tamil Nadu in the year 2012, the forest has 10 Bengal tigers, 866 Indian elephants, 672 gaurs (Indian Bisons) and 27 leopards. It also has lots of deers, sloth bears and hyenas.
Things to do
There are only a few things to do in Satyamangalam town and the sanctuary. There is one famous temple Bannari Amman Temple. It is located in Bannari. And very close to the temple is the Bhavanisagar Dam which is constructed on the Bannari River.
Apart from the above two famous spots, it is totally worth driving through this beautiful forest. The forest is lush green and is a delight to the eyes.